Similarities and differences between scientific and everyday practical experience;
Problem of universality;
Criticism of critical rationalism: Feyerabend u. Kuhn;
Sociology of knowledge;
Meta-theory and basics of qualitative and quantitative research strategies.
This lecture introduces the history of thought in empirical research. The students realize that different forms of method-guided research are always tied to different attitudes towards epis-temological or scientific theory. Against this background they learn to comprehend the special research logic on which qualitative-reconstructive or quantitative-standardized research strat-egies are based.
Since students learn to interpret empirical research methods in the context of epistemological or scientific theory, they are able to evaluate the basic subjectivity of all scientific investiga-tion and evaluation methods. Achievement of the course objectives is tested through a written final exam.